Les Collationes d'Odon de Cluny († 942) : un premier recueil d'exempla rédigé en milieu "clunisien" ?

Abstract : Odon of Cluny's "Collationes", which were composed between 917 and 927, are presented as a patritic anthology divided in three books : life on earth after the Fall, typology of sins and the list of duties for different members of society. They contain fifty-two exempla mainly borrowed from patristic, hagiographic and oral sources (one third). The five biblical narratives look more lile allegorical lectures of biblical episodes. The medieval exempla support chapters dedicated to monks and bishop's behaviour, to denunciation of lust and sacramental questions. However, it is impossible to reduce all the exempla to a sole monastic identity because their scripture is linked to Odon's ordination as a priest by the bishop of Limoges (Turpion), to the point that the "Collactiones" can also be considered as a mirror of the bishop, centered on his duty to preach to religious orders and ad populum. Moreover, in 927, it would be to early to qualify these exempla as Cluniac Seeing that the awareness of a Cluniac identity only appears at the beginning of the XIth century. After this period, it is mainly the Cistercians who borrowed exempla from the "Collationes". In fact, they are more a moral parenetic treatise using exempla rather than a collection of exempla. [Summary from the author]
keyword : Odon de Cluny
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 9, 2011 - 3:52:57 PM
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Isabelle Rosé. Les Collationes d'Odon de Cluny († 942) : un premier recueil d'exempla rédigé en milieu "clunisien" ?. POLO DE BEAULIEU, Marie Anne ; COLLOMB, Pascal ; BERLIOZ, Jacques. Le tonnerre des exemples : exempla et médiation culturelle dans l'Occident médiéval, Presses universitaires de Rennes, p. 145-159, 2010. ⟨halshs-00564662⟩



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