«Dousir» et «Plaileur». Le problème de l'attribution d'expériences à autrui

Abstract : This article proposes a solution to the problem of other minds in terms of affective empathy. I compare the problem of other minds to other contemporary skeptical challenges put forward by Nelson Goodman and Saoul Kripke. Because it deals with persons the problem of other minds is both more pressing and harder to answer in a deflationary way. Empirical studies of autistic children and psychopaths have shown that we must distinguish affective from cognitive empathy. I argue that when other people are considered in an objective and detached way, I can only access their mind through cognitive empathy, and the problem of other minds admits no solution. When I am really acquainted with someone, on the other hand, I can access his or her mind through affective empathy, I can then become certain of some of his or her experiences, and the problem of other minds becomes literally absurd.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 3, 2011 - 10:12:46 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 3, 2018 - 11:42:35 AM

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Alexandre Billon. «Dousir» et «Plaileur». Le problème de l'attribution d'expériences à autrui. Philosophie, Les éditions de Minuits, 2010, 105, pp. 64-90. 〈10.3917/philo.105.0064〉. 〈halshs-00562327〉

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