LE RÉCHAUFFEMENT CLIMATIQUE À L'ORIGINE DE LA CRISE DU DARFOUR ? : La recherche scientifique menacée par le déni de la complexité

Abstract : The Darfur crisis is indeed the result of a growing discrepancy between population and resources which has led to a heightening tension between tribal groups, over access to land and water. The degradation of the environment has been assessed over half a century, due to a large extent to the lack of rural development efforts. The crisis that erupted in 2003 is therefore the outcome of an upheaval of the population against the neglect and exploitation of Darfur by the Nile riverine elites. But the flight of the villagers who escaped massacre by the army and its janjaweed militias only aimed at ensuring their immediate survival. The displaced camps don't provide any possibility of continuing agro pastoralist activities. The alternation of climatic cycles shows indeed a tendency toward the diminution of rains. But this occurred several times in the past, and nothing allows to link it at that stage with the global warming. The emergency displacements of population occur during peak food crises like in 1984-85 or during war operations like in 2003-4, can therefore rather be attributed to the economic and social stagnation of which this region has been the victim.
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Marc Lavergne. LE RÉCHAUFFEMENT CLIMATIQUE À L'ORIGINE DE LA CRISE DU DARFOUR ? : La recherche scientifique menacée par le déni de la complexité. Revue Tiers Monde, Armand Colin, 2010, pp.220-250. ⟨halshs-00558465⟩

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