"Entre ciel et terre". De la construction d'une identité dans deux récits d'origine des Zarma (Niger)

Abstract : This paper analyses the representations of the space through two narratives which relate the origin of Zarma, one people living today in the current Republic of Niger. Considered as narratives of ancestors by their official narrators, the jasare (a griot of history and genealogy), these two narratives speak mainly about space ; the space which Zarma occupie, cross, the spaces from where they come, where they die. That is why, unlike zarma tales, these narratives mention numerous place-names, recognizable for the greatest part. But the narrator does not stop in the geographical description of the space ; he completes it by the evocation of a social or / and physical space, which function is symbolic, and of a mythical space. Real space and mythical space eventually confuse to the point that the mythical seems real and the real mythical. Now all these representations of the space participate in the same purpose : the creation of a zarma identity and the legitimation of the occupation of the actual areas by Zarma.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00556827
Contributor : Sandra Bornand <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 17, 2011 - 7:21:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 5:33:05 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00556827, version 1

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Sandra Bornand. "Entre ciel et terre". De la construction d'une identité dans deux récits d'origine des Zarma (Niger). Journal des Africanistes, Société des Africanistes, 2010, 79 (2), pp.13-42. ⟨halshs-00556827⟩

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