Quelques réflexions sur le phénomène de conversion à l'islam à travers le cas des catholiques albanais observé par une mission jésuite à la fin de l'époque ottomane

Abstract : Even if we have to be cautious about the dialectic of the missionaries who have a particular perspective, an examination of their reports allow us to understand that conversion is a complex phenomenon that has often to be explained by a combination of factors at various levels (general, regional, individual) and of various kinds (political, economic, psychological, etc..), and not just for one factoron, rarely directly explained in sources. In the cases studied (those of Catholic Albanians around 1900), we note that the conversion is sometimes associated with a rupture with the original milieu (with the tribe, or the Catholic Church). The conversion is often the culmination of a gradual process (change of name, adoption of certain practices, and finally only official conversion). In these regions, in this late Ottoman period, conversion is mainly the result of the higher status given to Muslim identity and the confusion in the countryside between Albanian identity and Muslim identity and in some cases, between clan identity and Muslim identity in the mountains. Economic factors such as the desire to avoid taxes, seem therefore absent at the time, for this population. In addition, if the phenomena of syncretism and crypto-Christianity have existed, we must relativize their importance. It is indeed themes that have often been exploited to prove the unimportance of religion, the multiconfessional nature or the "true Christian nature" of Albanians.
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Nathalie Clayer. Quelques réflexions sur le phénomène de conversion à l'islam à travers le cas des catholiques albanais observé par une mission jésuite à la fin de l'époque ottomane. Mésogeios, 1998, 2, p. 16-39. ⟨halshs-00555137⟩

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