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La société abbasside au miroir du tribunal. Égalité juridique et hiérarchie sociale

Abstract : In the 9th and 10th centuries, legal sources as well as adab literature stress the strict equality of the litigants before the qâdî, whatever their respective places in society. This article intends to show that despite this theoretical rule, the practice of the court still reflected individuals' social backgrounds. The doctrine restricted the rights of some categories of the population and several strategies of discrimination enabled the powerful to establish their superiority; a weak knowledge of Arabic language or a poor legal culture could also weaken the position of litigants belonging to the popular classes. Finally, by recognizing filiations and genealogies, the qâdî's court even contributed to the establishment of hierarchical social groups.
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Contributor : Mathieu Tillier <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 9, 2011 - 4:06:44 PM
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Mathieu Tillier. La société abbasside au miroir du tribunal. Égalité juridique et hiérarchie sociale. Annales Islamologiques, Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 2008, 42, pp.157-186. ⟨halshs-00553766⟩



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