Un indicateur de politique d'ouverture « révélée » des pays industrialisés à l'immigration en provenance des pays en développement

Abstract : The policy of openness toward immigration from developing countries is strongly debated in the industrialized countries. Existing indicators of immigration policy are however unsatisfactory because they don't allow to assess the restrictiveness or openness of immigration policies of industrialized countries. In this paper we build an indicator of the « revealed » openness policy to migration by computing the difference between the observed migration flows and the « predicted » migration flows that depend on economical, geographical and cultural structural determinants of migration. Using OECD's annual data on migrations, the indicator is built for 21 industrialized countries over the period 1990-2006, allowing us to compare policies between countries and throughout the years. We can now distinguish countries with relatively closed migration policies from those with relatively opened policies. Then, we compare the changes in the indicator with the official changes in the migration policy for some countries over the period 1990-2006.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 7, 2011 - 10:25:52 AM
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Matthieu Boussichas, Michaël Goujon. Un indicateur de politique d'ouverture « révélée » des pays industrialisés à l'immigration en provenance des pays en développement. 2011. ⟨halshs-00553325⟩

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