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Conference papers

Neanderthal subsistence strategies between Middle Rhône valley and Massif Central mountains during MIS 7 - 3

Abstract : The new investigations done since 2005 on four samples of the middle Rhône valley (Le Figuier, Abri du Maras, Baume Flandin et Ranc Pointu 2) and in the southern mountainous zone of the Massif Central (Saint-Anne 1) allow us to collect new data on the Middle Palaeolithic of this area, both on chronological and environmental evidences, and on behavioural and eating patterns. The southeastern Massif Central region makes it possible to examine the Neanderthal occupation modes in a zone of circulation linking medium altitude territories to the Rhône corridor. This work aims to definite sites occupation and territories management types by the zooarchaeological data. By comparing the data of ten faunal samples, three types of sites are distinguished by their durations and types of subsistence strategies. The human occupations are either brief stopping-places, or short-term regular hunting camps interspersed with some carnivore passages, or more long-term residential camps. During these occupations, humans used various technical behaviours and toolkits whatever the age, from MIS 7 to 3, regardless of environmental conditions. One of the main features of this area lies in the great homogeneity of behaviours within sequences. This homogeneity, linked to the variability of the sites occupations, supports the hypothesis of human groups anticipating their land use and allows to propose another kind of circulating model in this area.
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Contributor : Jean-Paul Raynal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2010 - 4:44:50 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 7, 2022 - 5:58:39 AM




Camille Daujeard, Paul Fernandes, Jean-Luc Guadelli, Marie-Hélène Moncel, Jean-Paul Raynal, et al.. Neanderthal subsistence strategies between Middle Rhône valley and Massif Central mountains during MIS 7 - 3. ICAZ-2010, 11th International Conference of Archaeozoology ; S4-3, Hominin Subsistence in the Old World during the Pleistocene and Early Holocene, Aug 2010, Paris, France. pp.32-47, ⟨10.1016/j.quaint.2011.01.047⟩. ⟨halshs-00530365⟩



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