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LA CHARRUE « DOMBASLE » (C. 1814-C. 1821) : HISTOIRE D'UNE INNOVATION EN MATIERE DE TRAVAIL DU SOL

Abstract : The French agronomist Mathieu de Dombasle (1777-1843) became famous thanks to his research into a type of swing plough and new practices. Actually he has invented nothing but he used the principles of the 18th century new agriculture. Nevertheless he is credited for the large spreading of his ideas and of his plough. He is really an innovator for the several means of diffusion he used. The aim of this article is the study of the inception of this innovation for tillage during the first mid 19th century : - Dombasle's plough (without front axle unit), from its conception until its recognition by his peers in 1820-1821. Hereafter we stress Mathieu de Dombasle method, between empiricism and theory, analyzing how the farmers have changed their practices when they used this new plough without wheels. From the beginning of the 19th century, theorising and putting these theories into practice in the field are the two main tasks for the agronomist, implemented by Mathieu de Dombasle though this was only the genesis of such a process. Not only was he a ploughs designer but he also elaborated new farmer's practices he largely spread. This is the setting up of an innovating agronomy.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00520188
Contributor : Fabien Knittel <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 22, 2010 - 2:50:27 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 10:26:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-00520188, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 247272

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Fabien Knittel. LA CHARRUE « DOMBASLE » (C. 1814-C. 1821) : HISTOIRE D'UNE INNOVATION EN MATIERE DE TRAVAIL DU SOL. Etude et Gestion des Sols, Association Française pour l'Etude des Sols, 2005, 12 (2), pp.187-198. ⟨halshs-00520188⟩

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