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Retour de la ‘‘rationalité limitée'' et cognition forte : enjeux et intérêts pour le renouvellement de l'analyse des politiques publiques

Abstract : "Bounded rationality" is coming back: what matters for policy analysis? In the 2000s « Bounded rationality » is coming back in the social sciences literature, notably in the American policy analysis. 50 years after Herbert Simon proposed this concept what can explain such an enthusiasm? Bounded rationality originally means that people's skills in learning and thinking are limited by psychological and biological human nature. Scholars' attraction to this conception of human behavior is obviously connected with their interest in cognitive science. More precisely the use of this concept aims at combining a classical rationalist perspective with the cognitive science results. During the 80s cognitive psychologists' findings, such as Tversky and Kahneman's, undermined the bases of rational choice theory. Bounded rationality models try to make a synthesis between these two opposite perspectives. In spite of their taste for what they call “cognitive” approaches, French policy analysts seem to stand aside from these developments. We assume that a bounded rationality model of social human behavior could provide their research with a more solid and scientific ground. So doing many “cognitive” studies would avoid the dangers of a too abstract constructivism.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 26, 2010 - 11:28:57 AM
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Rodolphe Gouin, Jean-Baptiste Harguindéguy. Retour de la ‘‘rationalité limitée'' et cognition forte : enjeux et intérêts pour le renouvellement de l'analyse des politiques publiques. 10e Congrès de l'AFSP, section 39 : Les mobilisations ethnolinguistiques en Europe, axe 1 : Les concepts et les approches : flux et reflux, AFSP, Sep 2009, Grenoble, France. ⟨halshs-00511797⟩

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