Histoire des Arabes aux confins des pouvoirs perse et hellénistique (IVe-IIe s. avant l'ère chrétienne)

Abstract : We know a very few details about the history of Arabs before the rise of Islam. The Arabs historians calls them "the ignorant people" and the only sources on the ancient Arab world remain the accounts reported by the historians of the first period of Islam. These accounts are often remained without direct proof because of the lack of archaeological material. We to wait over than 70 years to obtain an important epigraphic corpus and significant archaeological testimonies, to start the studies of the ancient history of the Arabs directly and not by the means of peripheral civilizations. The inscriptions discovered in the end of the XIXe century, in current Saudi Arabia, enriched by more recent finds, start only today to be well understood. The current epigraphic corpus allows an outline of the social history, language and the religious practices of the Arabs during the first millennium that preceded Islam. These inscriptions are not only important for the study of the Arab language at its origin, but also for the religion, which Islam kept some practise. This work is an analysis of some of known dedano-lihyânites inscriptions. They were discovered on the steles coming from the ancient temples or on the surfaces of the mountains, from the oases of al-‘Ulâ and Madâ'in Sâlih (northern of Hijâz, Saudi Arabia). They are dated from second half of the first millennium before the Christian era. They are called as dedano-lihyânites in reference to the title of kings mentioned the inscriptions, or after the name of Dedan mountain (al-Khurayba today), accrued in the inscriptions, or the ethnic name Lihyân.
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Contributor : Saba Farès <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2010 - 1:08:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 7:48:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00497592, version 1

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Saba Farès-Drappeau. Histoire des Arabes aux confins des pouvoirs perse et hellénistique (IVe-IIe s. avant l'ère chrétienne). Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen. Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen, pp.325, 2005, TMO. ⟨halshs-00497592⟩

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