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Les Norias de Hama sur l'Oronte, un système traditionnel original de l'utilisation de l'eau fluviale

Abstract : Hama or the Town of Norias (waterwheel) is an old city, capital of a kingdom of the Bronze age. These are the resources in water that decided the choice of the particular site of Hama on the Oroentes River and permitted its development since the Roman time, through the water wheels that are as old as the city itself. These hydraulic structures have allowed the drawing of water and its elevation by the system of the wheels pot, in wood, driven by the only strength of the current. This article tempts to show the efficiency of this traditional hydraulic system of the use of the water of the Orontes for agriculture, as for the domestic life, describing the technical designs and geographical distribution along the River. We also insist on the role played by these machines, as brilliant as elegant, in rural development in the region of Hama until the introduction of the motor-pumps in the beginning of the 20th century. Since, a lot of norias disappeared, but some remained and make part of the important heritage that reveals the ingenuity of the local populations of other time, their secular knowledge and their ability to adapt to the constraints of nature
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Contributor : Mohamed Al Dbiyat <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2010 - 5:49:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:22:20 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Thursday, October 7, 2010 - 11:46:20 AM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-00496781, version 1



Mohamed Al Dbiyat. Les Norias de Hama sur l'Oronte, un système traditionnel original de l'utilisation de l'eau fluviale. Gestion durable et équitable de l'eau douce en méditerranée: mémoires et traditions, avenir et solutions, 2009, Monaco, Monaco. pp.191-210. ⟨halshs-00496781⟩



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