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Dépôt votif et "Vénus à gaine" au sanctuaire de Hanches (Eure-et-Loir), Ier siècle de notre ère

Abstract : Although known since 1976, the sanctuary at Hanches (Eure-et-Loir, France) was first excavated in 2007. The work there revealed the remains of a traditional temple (fanum), its plan being a square within another square (the outermost measuring approximately 12 m per side), open to the southeast. A series of smaller associated buildings were situated behind the temple. The remains of a complete funerary deposit dating to the 1st century AD were found in situ next to one of these buildings, some 10 m northwest of the temple: a small pit, lined with sheep mandibles and containing a funeral urn, a mirror and a terracotta figurine of the type known in French as a “Vénus à gaine”. The archaeological context is reminiscent of several similar such finds which (though rare) have been excavated in both urban and rural contexts north of the Loire. The questions provoked by this find include not only that of the persistence of traditional cultic practices beyond the 1st century AD in Gaul, but also those of the origin and function of anthropomorphic figurines which seem linked with daily life, accompanying the individual from birth to death. Also of issue are the nature and diffusion of the productions of the coroplathe Rextugenos (whose name is well-known, but whose identity and origins are not).
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Fabienne Dugast. Dépôt votif et "Vénus à gaine" au sanctuaire de Hanches (Eure-et-Loir), Ier siècle de notre ère. Semitica et Classica, Brepols Publishers, 2010, 2, pp.147-156. ⟨10.1484/J.SEC.1.100515⟩. ⟨halshs-00475182⟩

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