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False and real counter-revolution in North Vietnam (DRV) in the fifties: creation and use of the internal enemy

Abstract : Between 1954 and 1964, the DRV of Ho Chi Minh consolidates his political base throughout the territory it now controls above the 17th Parallel. The political objective of the Vietnamese Workers Party (Dang Lao Dong Viêt Nam) is to implement a socialist state and to mobilize people largely in this perspective. After the so-called Indochina War and the victory of Dien Bien Phu, strong domestic policies becomes a necessity for the leaders of the DRV convinced that the seeds of anticommunist subversion was implanted into the society of the North which they inherit. The “internal enemy” is hunted, discovered, created, represented, and severely punished to clean up a socialist society idealized by power. Led from studies of the local People's Police, from press articles, new archives available or declassified and memoirs, this research proposes to examine the political affairs against espionage, real or fictitious, in northern Viet Nam at that time. It will examine the "political struggle" committed in North Vietnam, including one that was waged against the forces stigmatized as "reactionary" or "counter-revolutionaries" of the National Party or the Dai Viet Party. This research will determine how these political affairs have shaped sustainable politics in North Vietnam and will analyze what process they originate. In addition, this research will better understand how the issue of the “internal enemy” is approached in Vietnam since reunification in 1976.
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Contributor : François Guillemot <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 31, 2010 - 1:12:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 3:04:19 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00468689, version 1


François Guillemot. False and real counter-revolution in North Vietnam (DRV) in the fifties: creation and use of the internal enemy. AAS Conference Philadelphia 2010 – Panel 220: Domestic Political Conflict in the DRV during the Late 1950s., Mar 2010, Philadelphie, United States. ⟨halshs-00468689⟩



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