L'Un dans l'autre : Enigme et métaphore filée dans un jeu surréaliste

Abstract : L'un dans l'autre ("The one in the other") is the name of a surrealist collective game created in the fifties by André Breton. Less famous than the exquisite cadavers, it is based on a particular use of the threaded metaphor and consists in an enigma that has to be cracked by the players. On the basis of Rastier 1987's interpretive semantics, this study describes the semantic foundations of the game and the mechanisms that lead to the discovery of the solution. It shows how l'un dans l'autre forms what can be called a semic complex and how a rule of optimality eventually paves the way towards the answer. Starting from this semantic account of l'un dans l'autre, it will be shown that this game belongs to a more general semiotic class which also contains the Images d'Epinal along with other types of visual enigmas. More generally it is shown that the semantic principle underlying l'un dans l'autre should be assimilated with the principles and rules defined in the framework of the Gestalttheorie: both the game and some of the Images d'Epinal enigmas are structured by the same figure-ground relations.
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Philippe Gréa. L'Un dans l'autre : Enigme et métaphore filée dans un jeu surréaliste. Revue Romane, John Benjamins Publishing, 2010, pp.91-116. ⟨10.1075/rro.45.1.06gre⟩. ⟨halshs-00467060⟩

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