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Mammoth procurement and exploitation at Milovice (Czech Republic) : new data for the Moravian Gravettian

Abstract : The excavations of 12 sectors at Milovice yielded close to 63,000 bone remains of which 98.7% belong to the Woolly Mammoth. Human groups came several times to this place, between 26,000 and 22,000 BP, where various activities were practiced in association with the proboscidea remains, as in the neighbouring Pavlovian sites. The zooarcheological study demonstrates that Mammoth was hunted and that the Gravettian groups did not occupy the site and exploited the Mammoth only to get food. Indeed, bones and teeth were recovered and worked, some of them displaying grooves, intentional cut-marks and objects, similar to those found at other Gravettian sites (e.g. Dolní Vestonice, KrakowSpadzista, Krems-Watchberg). The great under-representation of tusks and molars allows us to suppose that ivory was taken out of the site. If the Woolly Mammoth exploitation was diversified, it was not that intensive, maybe because of the site status in the Moravian area.
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Alexis Brugère, Laure Fontana, Martin Oliva. Mammoth procurement and exploitation at Milovice (Czech Republic) : new data for the Moravian Gravettian. L. Fontana, F.-X Chauvière & A. Bridault. In search of Total Animal Exploitation. Case Studies from the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic, John and Erica Hedges (BAR International series 2040), pp.45-69, 2009. ⟨halshs-00458207⟩

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