The use of fortification as a political instrument by the Ayyubids and the Mamluks in Bilād al-Šām and in Egypt (twelfth-thirteenth centuries)

Abstract : Fortification played a major role in the management of conflicts between Franks and Muslims in Syria (Bilād al-Šām) at the time of the Crusades. In addition to protecting the borders, fortifications preserved the local iqṭā‘-based economy. Between the end of the twelfth and the end of the thirteenth centuries, Ayyubid and Mamluk rulers used fortification to consolidate their power in Muslim and former Frankish territory. This political use of Islamic fortification knew three distinct stages of development between the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries, parallel with the technical evolution of Islamic military architecture and contemporary with political changes in Bilād al-Šām and Egypt.
Document type :
Journal articles
Mamluk Studies Review, MEDOC, University of Chicago, 2007, pp.55-67
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00449896
Contributor : Benjamin Michaudel <>
Submitted on : Saturday, January 23, 2010 - 5:55:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 21, 2019 - 12:01:47 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00449896, version 1

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Benjamin Michaudel. The use of fortification as a political instrument by the Ayyubids and the Mamluks in Bilād al-Šām and in Egypt (twelfth-thirteenth centuries). Mamluk Studies Review, MEDOC, University of Chicago, 2007, pp.55-67. 〈halshs-00449896〉

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