Après le Mur : Les représentations israéliennes de la séparation avec les Palestiniens

Abstract : This article analyses how and to what extent the separation wall built around the West Bank since 2002 has been able to create among the Israeli population the impression of being separated from the Palestinians. It asks this question at a moment when the building of this structure is largely uncompleted and when the mechanisms of control deployed by Israel maintain its presence deep inside the West Bank and thus, on both sides of the wall. Relying on ethnographic investigations of Israeli space practices as well as on observations of Israeli mechanisms of control deployed since 2002, this article shows that, as a project, and as a highly mediatized building, the wall became the support of projections for Israelis living in the coastal plain and the center of the country. These projections of an achieved separation are not merely fostered by the misrecognition of the path of the barrier and its discontinuity, but also by the efficiency of the less mediatized “remote mechanisms of control”, that have contributed to restore a feeling of sovereignty on the Israeli soil. This study helps understanding to what extent the mechanisms of control that are inscribed in postmodern forms of territoriality (mobility regime, remote policing) can actually reinforce modern representation of territory. Finally, this research leads to relativize the role of the materiality of borders in the construction of these same borders. As a matter of fact, if the wall works as a support of projections for the Israeli population that live far from it, for the people living next to it the superposition of other mechanisms of control make it lost its landmarking capacity.
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Journal articles
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00446477
Contributor : Cedric Parizot <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 5:00:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 18, 2018 - 1:52:04 AM

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Cedric Parizot. Après le Mur : Les représentations israéliennes de la séparation avec les Palestiniens. Culture et Conflits, 2009, pp.53-72. ⟨halshs-00446477⟩

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