Método de localización de los heridos en el caso de un terremoto en la ciudad de Mérida, Venezuela

Abstract : Mérida (Venezuela) is particularly seismic threat sensitive, because of being on the Boconó active fault which structures the valley, and having a high rate of urban density, with about 180000 inhabitants inside the Municipio Libertador boundaries. Locating injured people in case of an earthquake is very helpful in order to organize rescue and anticipate crisis management phases. Considering these three criteria: seismic hazard, building resistance, density of inhabitants, we used a seismic scene in order to develop a methodology to locate injured ‘hot spots' in the city, according to geographical conditions of different sectors. By combining local physical conditions of worsening of intensity, building behaviour in case of a quake and the concentration of inhabitants found in a small scale by means of photointerpretation to approximately indicate the earthquake impact in terms of injured people we obtain a map of Mérida with possible ‘hot spots'. These sectors or hot spots are located in Los Curos, to the 188 Revista Geográfica Venezolana south of the airport and in the high part of the city, particularly close to the Plaza Milla and ‘La Milagrosa' neighbourhood. As a consequence, thanks to the location of the ‘hot spots' it should be possible to prepare rescue operations according to local and specific risk conditions, and with these tools set up the problem of risk management in Mérida.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2009 - 11:09:22 PM
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Julien Rebotier. Método de localización de los heridos en el caso de un terremoto en la ciudad de Mérida, Venezuela. Revista Geografica Venezolana, Universidad de Los Andes (Venezuela), 2006, 47 (2), pp.187-200. ⟨halshs-00441396⟩

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