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Exploitation du milieu montagnard dans le Moustérien final : la Grotte du Noisetier à Fréchet-Aure (Pyrénées centrales françaises)

Abstract : Characterized by marked climatic contrasts and important differences in altitude, the mountain environment is generally regarded as constraining for Paleolithic hunter-gatherers groups. The Mousterian site of Grotte du Noisetier is exceptional within the framework of the Pyrenees by its altitude and its settlement in the middle of the chain. It offers the opportunity to wonder about the reasons having led the Neanderthal groups to attend this a priori difficult context. The traditional interpretation of the site as a hunting-camp related to the exploitation of mountain ungulates is questioned. The taphonomic study particularly shows that the Izard remains were mainly accumulated by bearded vulture and that the most frequently hunted species by the human groups is the Red Deer, which is not dependent of the mountain environment at all. The Neanderthal presence cannot be explained either by the exploitation of specific mineral resources. In the current state of research, only hypothesis can be proposed to explain the Mousterian occupation of Grotte du Noisetier: it could be in particular a temporary residence site or a stopping place during displacements towards the southern side of the Pyrenees.
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Contributor : Jean-Bernard Huchet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2009 - 4:41:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 5:06:26 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-00432100, version 1


Vincent Mourre, Sandrine Costamagno, Laurent Bruxelles, David Colonge, Stéphanie Cravinho, et al.. Exploitation du milieu montagnard dans le Moustérien final : la Grotte du Noisetier à Fréchet-Aure (Pyrénées centrales françaises). Grimaldi S., Perrin Th. et Guilaine J. (Éds.). Mountain environments in prehistoric Europe : settlement and mobility strategies from Paleolithic to the early Bronze Age. XVème Congrès de l'UISPP, 4-9 septembre 2006, Lisbonne, vol. 26, session C31., Archaeopress, Oxford., pp.1-10, 2008, BAR International Series 1885. ⟨halshs-00432100⟩



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