Colonisation agricole et déforestation en Amazonie brésilienne: le front pionnier du Mato Grosso

Abstract : The pioneer front is neither a new term nor a new phenomenon: the land-use transformation by societies, including forests or savannas conversion for agriculture, is even recurring in the history of humanity. At present deforestation in Amazonia draws the attention because of its brutality and of the importance of surfaces concerned. Thus, in Mato Grosso, more than 6000 km² of forests are cleared every year, which leave the place with a new rural landscape : pastures and cultures of export (soy beans) are extending from the south towards the north of the State as roads and new projects of colonization are established. The images of the satellites allow, not only to quantify surfaces which are transformed, but also to understand which are the mechanisms and space logics of the actors of the pioneer fronts. In the case of Mato Grosso, their action led, since about thirty years, to the constitution of a great agricultural area highly specialized and productive but of which social and environnemental costs have not been totally understood.
Complete list of metadatas

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00414116
Contributor : Vincent Dubreuil <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 7, 2009 - 10:44:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 5, 2019 - 12:42:03 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : halshs-00414116, version 1

Citation

Vincent Dubreuil, Vincent Nédélec, Damien Arvor, Matthieu Le Dérout, Anne-Elisabeth Laques, et al.. Colonisation agricole et déforestation en Amazonie brésilienne: le front pionnier du Mato Grosso. Enquêtes rurales, 2009, pp.107-135. ⟨halshs-00414116⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1092