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Modalités d'exploitation des rennes dans le Protomagdalénien du Blot (Haute-Loire, France)

Abstract : During the successive excavations in the le Blot rock-shelter (HauteLoire, France) 29 worked or used bones were found in the Protomagdalenian levels. The accumulation modalities of 18 worked reindeer bones in the site are documented by using a technical and functional analysis. This analysis takes places within the archaeozoological study which in this paper deals principally with Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) exploitation. The reindeer were hunted during the end of spring and the beginning of summer. Most of them were females and juveniles, and therefore “without head”. Reindeer constituted the most important game. They were brought entire on the site. The important thing was to get meat. Only a few bones were apparently used for industry. Points (punch) have been worked in situ with reindeer bones which were introduced into the site. It was probably the same thing for the symbolic objects (notched bones). On the other hand, the three reindeer antler objects. They probably came from an adult male reindeer population which is not represented on the site. The rarity of reindeer ulna points can be explained by the fact that this anatomic part was used to manufacture objects (points?). Those are not directly documented and therefore were maybe carried out of the site. The absence of bone projectile points is another specificity of this site. For this reason, le Blot is different from other archaeological sites in this region and differs also from two of the three other known Protomagdalenian French sites.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 11, 2020 - 11:15:08 AM
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François-Xavier Chauvière, Laure Fontana. Modalités d'exploitation des rennes dans le Protomagdalénien du Blot (Haute-Loire, France). Industrie osseuse et parure du Solutréen au Magdalénien en Europe, pp.137-147, 2005, Mémoire de la Société préhistorique française XXXIX. ⟨halshs-00409198⟩



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