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Certifier en situation d'incertitude : le cas des OGM

Abstract : The credibility and guarantee due to the certification mechanism theoretically comes from the control society's independence and expertise. In the case of the information about the GMO or non GMO character of the food and agricultural products, these conditions are not sufficient, for lack of a stabilized definition of the control methods. However, professionals in the supply chain often turn to certification societies in order to make their exchanges more reliable concerning this information. This article analyses the way certification works in these conditions. It shows that certification societies use the knowledges and agreements which are constructed by the concerned actors, that they work to formalize the good intentions of the certified industrialists, and finally promise a guarantee on the industrial practices thanks their own reputation. Rather than a definitive and universal conclusion of the controversy about the proofs of the GMOs' « absence », certification societies allow a local compromise between the demands for proofs from the customer societies and the investments consented by the suppliers. Turning to certification constitutes then a sufficient proof for industrialists, a sort of conventional agreement. Certification is a private regulation mechanism which is considered, at least locally and temporarily, sufficient not to challenge at any moment the necessary coordination for market exchanges : it's at least considered as more satisfying than the only intervention of public authorities.
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Contributor : Céline Granjou Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 11, 2009 - 12:02:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 1:52:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 10, 2010 - 9:13:50 PM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-00382768, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 249628


Céline Granjou, Egizio Valceschini. Certifier en situation d'incertitude : le cas des OGM. Natures Sciences Sociétés, EDP Sciences, 2004, pp.404-412. ⟨halshs-00382768⟩



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