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LA CONCEPTUALISATION EN SOCIOLOGIE : INFLUENCES PARADIGMATIQUES ET IMPLICATIONS METHODOLOGIQUES. L'EXEMPLE DE LA NOTION DE
RISQUE DANS LE SPORT

Abstract : Such a seemingly self-apparent notion as “risky sports” is widely used in social science literature. Through the in-depth analysis of this term, the purpose of this article is to examine a crucial step of the sociological research process: definition of concepts. After having underlined simplifications and paradoxes inherent in the common sense use of this term, we present an overview of its scientific uses and definitions. Some terminological difficulties soon appear, along with differing points of view and plural available conceptualizations. The critical, structural, subjectivist, culturalist, and systemic approaches can thus be differentiated. The choice made between these options entail methodological consequences that are also discussed. Two epistemological positions can eventually be adopted. On one hand, one can be in favour of the abandon of such a category, on account of its intrinsic shakiness, and because it is merely impossible to reach by consensus the one and only definition of “risky sports”. On the other hand, one can acknowledge the polythetic nature of this term. The latter will then be easily observed through the specific constructions of “risky sports”, as a scientific object, according to each research problematics.
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Bastien Soulé, Jean Corneloup. LA CONCEPTUALISATION EN SOCIOLOGIE : INFLUENCES PARADIGMATIQUES ET IMPLICATIONS METHODOLOGIQUES. L'EXEMPLE DE LA NOTION DE
RISQUE DANS LE SPORT. Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique / Bulletin of Sociological Methodology, SAGE Publications, 2007, pp.28-54. ⟨halshs-00377066⟩

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