Le bayt à l'époque mamlouke. Une entité sociale à revisiter

Abstract : The household (bayt) is a major element in the structure of the mamluk military elite and ithe organization of the army. The bayt is also a political, social and economic entity, built by and for a mamluk amir, whose cohesion is based on the personal relationships established by the amir, as a master (maḫdūm) with each member of the household who may be a military or a civilian person, of free or servile condition. The vocabulary used in the historical sources of the mamluk period informs us about the nature and the extent of the personal links contracted between a civilian administrator and an amir and his entourage, as soon as he becomes affiliated to his household. Clientelist acquaintances or friendships developped in this context appear as crucial elements in the professional advancement of a civil administrator. Those links constitute an important and useful part of social network all through his career. The study of the civilian-military relationships through several examples brings out their heterogeneity and complexity, and, therefore, proves the interdependance and the common interest connecting military and civilian elites beyond the strict belonging to their respective social groups.
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Mathieu Eychenne. Le bayt à l'époque mamlouke. Une entité sociale à revisiter. Annales Islamologiques, Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 2008, 42, pp.275-296. ⟨halshs-00370217⟩

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