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The Pleistocene Equus in Bulgaria.

Abstract : In this paper the authors present a short review of the Pleistocene horses founded in Bulgaria. We have identified 7 taxa but two are still unclear. From the villafranchian sites of Varshets, Slivnitsa and Kozarnika are coming Equus stenonis. From the transitional levels from Early to Middle Pleistocene in Kunino we have identified Equus cf. hydruntinus and few remains of a caballinid (s.l.) horse. The early Middle Pleistocene site of Varbeshnitsa and the same layers in Kozarnika gave stenonoid horses, small and rather slender one in the first site. In these layers in Kozarnika we have founded an Equid represented by few fragments of lower jaw teeth with an ectostylid but it's not enough to assume that we have identified Hipparion. In the Middle Pleistocene layers in Kozarnika we identified Equus mosbachensis, and in a layer dated from the limit Middle/Late Pleistocene in Zlatna Panega we have strong case to think that Equus caballus piveteaui was represented. Finally, during all late Pleistocene we are finding in Bulgaria (Kozarnika, Temnata Dupka, Bacho Kiro) Equus caballus germanicus and Equus hydruntinus.
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Contributeur : Jean-Luc Guadelli <>
Soumis le : vendredi 20 mars 2009 - 01:41:11
Dernière modification le : lundi 13 janvier 2020 - 22:26:03


  • HAL Id : halshs-00369469, version 1



Jean-Luc Guadelli, Nikolaï Spassov. The Pleistocene Equus in Bulgaria.. 2002. ⟨halshs-00369469⟩



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