Grands barrages et habitants : Les risques sociaux du développement

Abstract : In France, the principles of sustainable development could lead to give up projects and to destroy old dams (basin of the river Loire) ; or to engage a public discussion on new and great constructions (Charlas, Garonne). All built works are under double pressure in Europe : that one of an ecological quality of « water masses », including very artificialized ones, and of a public greater participation in the management of water ; that one of the renewal of dams concessions in a context of an opening of the electricity market, and of agricultural reforms. In most countries, dams are still a very sharp topic, it is always regarded as a convenient tool for national and regional development. Some poor countries have indeed a high potential but are not sufficiently equipped. This collection of essays does not seek to furbish the weapons of the « pro » or the « anti » dams, nor to dwell too long on the new stakes of hydraulic installation. It seeks to present the possible contributions of social sciences researchers on a modern, large technical object which transforms old territories, and whose social aspect could be, let us say at the very least, treated better. The leaders of dams projects have these last years mobilized social sciences, in the search of a better « social acceptability » ; that opened new prospects towards a better implication of the population, therefore lead to new questions on the topic of participation. Now we wanted to go further, or at least elsewhere : what is the place of the inhabitants lived environment in the design of this large equipment ? Which role play the social questions ? By social questions, one can as well understand the questions of solidarity and social justice that those related to people and inhabitant's life world. This work, product of a multi-field collective effort (geography, anthropology, history, economy, environmental management sciences), question the relevance of this large equipment in regard to new stakes in the field of sustainable development which articulate local and global. It is enough to recall that, before, building dams was synonymous of general interest at the expense of local selfishnesses. Thus how can we think the meshing of scales of interest ? Indeed, in such a context, it is obvious that there is not only one « local version » of sustainable development, nor even one national version...
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Submitted on : Friday, March 6, 2009 - 12:12:48 AM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-00366149, version 1


Sophie Bonin, Nathalie Blanc. Grands barrages et habitants : Les risques sociaux du développement. France. Quae, pp.334, 2008. ⟨halshs-00366149⟩



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