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Du rôle fondateur d'al-Khalîl en métrique arabe

Abstract : The metrical treatise of al-Khalîl b. Ahmad al-Farâhîdî, who is unanimously considered as the founder of this science, was not handed down to us. Nonetheless, a careful reading of subsequent treatises as well as biographical literature allows us to partly reconstruct its content and to value the role it played in the genesis of Arabic metrics. Al-Khalîl's treatise was divided into two books, al-farš, a presentation of the theoretical framework, and al-mithâl, a repository of all the verse-patterns, each of them being illustrated by one or more samples. Moreover, given the details provided by authors such as al-Akhfaš and Abû al-Hasan while presenting and discussing al-Khalîl's opinions on particular processes of zihâfa, it is beyond doubt that he already had dealt with such “esthetical” aspects of metrical practice, most probably in the Kitâb al-mithâl. Finally, it appears that al-Khalîl's treatise already contained the whole substance of ‘ilm al-‘arûd, which was handed down by generations of scholars among which debates and controversies were only about superficial aspects or details.
Keywords : metrics arabic
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 3, 2009 - 2:47:41 PM
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Bruno Paoli. Du rôle fondateur d'al-Khalîl en métrique arabe. Langues et Littératures du Monde Arabe, 2007, 7, pp.1-11. ⟨halshs-00365448⟩

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