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L'industrie du Paléolithique inférieur de la Grotte d'Azé (Saône-et-Loire) - Azé I-1

Abstract : Azé Cave (Saône-et-Loire, France) has yielded, among other archaeological and palaeontological remains, a Lower Palaeolithic industry within a layer dated through faunal remains to 350 to 400 ky. This industry is made of local rocks, mostly poor-quality flint. but also chert and crystalline rocks.
Only flint was definitely knapped; chert was merely broken into pieces before being used. The knapping process takes advantage of the natural faces of the blocks; the cores, seldom completely worked, usually bear two opposite reduction faces. The flakes often show patches of residual cortex. They are moderately thick and the striking platform angle varies widely. Some of them seem to be the result of a tearing-off process. Flint pieces are heavily retouched; half of them are just utilised, others are proper tools, mostly scrapers with generally abrupt retouching. Fragments of chert, sometimes also obtained by a tearing-off process (from the cave walls?) are often retouched, but less intensely than the flint. A good number of more or less modified pebbles are also part of this assemblage. However handaxes are completely absent.
The lithic industry of Azé 1-1 is lacking standardisation for both the core reduction process and trimming or retouching. It fits well within the Lower Palaeolithic but the absence of handaxes is noteworthy. This industry makes one more contribution to the diversity of this cultural period.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 20, 2009 - 4:20:07 PM
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Jean Combier, Claire Gaillard, Marie-Hélène Moncel. L'industrie du Paléolithique inférieur de la Grotte d'Azé (Saône-et-Loire) - Azé I-1. Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française, Société préhistorique française, 2000, 97 (3), pp.349-370. ⟨halshs-00354713⟩

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