Exemples attestés et exemples construits dans la pratique du lexique-grammaire

Abstract : Croft (1993) contrasts an 'experimental method' with an 'observational method', thus renewing the discussion between introspective linguistics and corpus linguistics, by suggesting a parallel with experimental sciences, which these terms come from. The example of lexicon-grammar, a method of syntactic-semantic description constructed with explicit reference to experimental sciences, confirms that formulating rules in accordance with the real usage of a language is not only a matter of observing examples, but also that it nevertheless requires intensive observation of examples, as well as rigorous methodological precautions in this observation. Thus, the apparently opposed traditions of introspective linguistics and of corpus linguistics are complementary and should be combined for the success of such an enterprise. These thoughts are an invitation for linguists to overcome their historical resistance to combining both types of methods.
Similarly, in natural language processing, most of the community sticks to the stochastic approach, which amounts to giving up co-operation between computer technology and descriptive linguistics.
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Conference papers
Jacques François. Observations et manipulations en linguistique : entre concurrence et complémentarité, Jan 2007, Paris, France. Peeters, 16, pp.11-32, 2008, Mémoires de la Société de linguistique de Paris. Nouvelle série
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Eric Laporte. Exemples attestés et exemples construits dans la pratique du lexique-grammaire. Jacques François. Observations et manipulations en linguistique : entre concurrence et complémentarité, Jan 2007, Paris, France. Peeters, 16, pp.11-32, 2008, Mémoires de la Société de linguistique de Paris. Nouvelle série. 〈halshs-00352695〉

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