À propos de la langue et de l'altérité : une observation clinique de « trouble de la mémoire
sémantique »

Abstract : This clinical contribution aims to attract the attention of linguists and psychoanalytic or psychiatric clinicians to a neurological syndrome which is not well known outside the field of neuropsychology, where it is called “semantic memory disorder”. This disorder is of great interest about the issues of social language, subject, and relatedness (“otherness”). This syndrome is characterized by a peculiar misunderstanding and relational difficulties of / with others, and these difficulties appear also in the apprehension of language, knowledge and events. These peculiar difficulties are currently best characterized by a egocentric or strictly idiomatic appraisal of world and relationship, as the patient can refer objects, words, and so on, only through his own biographical and immediate experience. Thus, all experience is apprehended through an obligatory “auto-centration”. The clinical observation detailed in this work supports a defect of relatedness itself (or “otherness”). The subject cannot “abstract himself from himself”, or “decentralize” himself from his own experience, to integrate and access a distinct point of view. Although this analysis is convergent with the neuropsychological distinction between “episodic” and “semantic” memory, it enlarges the perspective to the process of “relatedness” or “otherness”
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Clément de Guibert. À propos de la langue et de l'altérité : une observation clinique de « trouble de la mémoire
sémantique ». Langage et inconscient, Lambert-Lucas, 2006, pp.78-100. ⟨halshs-00343518⟩

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