Conclusion

Abstract : Migrations are a genuine characteristic of mankind. When they leave their home, people always take away their language with them, and then they meet other people speaking other tongues : many times, population movements lead to new language contacts, which quite often have significant consequences on the communities involved.
In all cases, the analysis of the relationships between two or several languages depends on the consideration of several criteria, mainly :
- the type of contact (intensity of linguistic intercourses between communities, dynamic behaviour of the diverse groups that are brought together).
- the nature of linguistic interaction (relations between dominant and dominated languages, maintenance or loss of linguistic boundaries).
- the psychological and ideological aspect of contact between linguistic groups (acceptance or refusal of assimilation, changes of identity feelings due to a multilingual environment).
Diasporic communities are particularly interesting for the study of language contacts. However, one should remember that these spectacular instances are but the exacerbation of an innate faculty present in any human being : the modulation of his/ her speech according to what the other ones say
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 25, 2008 - 4:02:31 PM
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Nicolas Quint. Conclusion. Faits de langues, Peter Lang, 2001, Langues de diaspora, langues en contact (18), pp.233-248. ⟨halshs-00341626⟩

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