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Significations territoriales et appropriations conflictuelles des mausolées chiites de Raqqa (Syrie).

Abstract : The paper deals with the building of a Shiite mausoleum by the State of Iran in the Syrian city of Raqqa, dedicated to `Ammar ben Yâsir and Uways al-Qaranî, companions of the Prophet who died during the battle of Siffin in 657 (37 H.). The signification of these buildings is problematic for the town of Raqqa. For they stand in the place of tombs which were instrumental in the construction of the identity of several generations of Raqqa's inhabitants. Moreover, some of the town's intellectuals are concerned about Shiite proselytizing which is developing around these buildings, in the form of teaching sessions and specialised bookshops. However, at the same time, the region's population, particularly formerly semi-nomadic tribes, has undertaken to re-appropriate this key factor of Raqqa's historical heritage through renewed practices of visits to the tombs. The paper reconstruct the complexity of the symbolic structuring of the town of Raqqa by these emblematic sites whose meaning has evolved over the 20th Century : once places of expression of a population's identity, the mausolea have become places of memory and, since their reconstruction by Iran, new sites of power.
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Contributor : Myriam Ababsa <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 19, 2008 - 9:52:43 AM
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Myriam Ababsa. Significations territoriales et appropriations conflictuelles des mausolées chiites de Raqqa (Syrie).. Sylvia Chiffoleau, Anna Madoeuf. Les pèlerinages au Maghreb et au Moyen-Orient. Espaces publics, espaces du public, Institut français du Proche-Orient, Beyrouth., pp.109-130, 2005. ⟨halshs-00339822⟩



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