Discours et représentations des Réfugiés Irakiens en Syrie : quelques éléments d'analyses

Abstract : Four years after the invasion of Iraq by the American leading coalition, more than 4 millions Iraqis are considered displaced, immigrants or refugees by the UN. In Syria, their number is estimated around 1.2 million by the Syrian government and the UNHCR. Our work in Syria was focused on the representations as well as on political, national and sectarian identifications of the Iraqi Arab refugees in Syria. With this article, we would like to discuss a first series of questions which are at the center of the refugees' practices and discourse. First, we will try to describe the various economic and relational factors and the logics/patterns of both identity and class, which have contributed to the strategy of establishments of Iraqi refugees in Syria since 2003. Then, we will see how multiple types of violence that curently exist in Iraq play a paramount role in the construction of the refugees' discourse, especially on logics of identity, and the great impact that they have on their practices. Finally, the speech of the actors themselves will help us understand that this violence shaped a discourse of “essentialization” or even “ethnicization”. However, this discourse, resulting from the current crisis, refers to images and representations rooted in class-based and sectarian fractures that existed in Iraq at the beginning of the XX century.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00337456
Contributor : Thomas Sommer-Houdeville <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 7, 2008 - 9:45:24 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:22:19 AM

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Thomas Sommer-Houdeville. Discours et représentations des Réfugiés Irakiens en Syrie : quelques éléments d'analyses. A contrario. Revue interdisciplinaire de sciences sociales, BSN Press 2009. ⟨halshs-00337456⟩

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