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Les Normes Fondamentales du Travail contribuent-elles à réduire les inégalités ?

Abstract : This study empirically investigates the impact of core labour standards on income inequality for a range of 90 countries from 1990 to 2001. We focus on the four core labour standards (prohibition of child labour, freedom of association and collective bargaining, prohibition of discrimination, and prohibition of forced labour) defined by ILO and OECD. The number of ILO conventions ratified is added to the four previous variables with the aim to compute a synthetic index of labour standards by means of a Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA). This index is then inserted as an independent variable in an econometric model to test for its relationships with the Gini index. No significant correlation is found among the different econometric specifications. One of the reasons pointed out is that there is a difference between norms de jure and de facto. In other words, the exogeneity of the index does not distinguish countries that implement effective social norms from those that just ratify the treaties.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 8, 2008 - 3:49:00 PM
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Rémi Bazillier, Nicolas Sirven. Les Normes Fondamentales du Travail contribuent-elles à réduire les inégalités ?. Revue Française d'Economie, Association Française d'Économie, 2006, XXI (2), pp.111-146. ⟨10.3406/rfeco.2006.1629⟩. ⟨halshs-00310401⟩



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