Logique et Langage. Etudes sur le premier Wittgenstein.

Abstract : Russell's and Frege's works are generally acknowledged today to be the source of Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921). The scholarly debate often focuses on the issue of whether a particular aspect of Wittgenstein's thought comes from Frege or from Russell. For a few years, the trend has been to favour Frege's impact.
My hypothesis is different. It seems that Wittgenstein, in working out his thought, takes the differences between Frege's and Russell's works themselves as his main subject. From this standpoint, understanding the Tractatus no longer means drawing a map of Russell's and Frege's respective influence – it means delineating the discrepancies that Wittgenstein seeks to smooth away, or, at the contrary, to deepen. The Tractatus is then here regarded as a hermeneutic tool, allowing to read again, and to shed new light on Frege's and Russell's works.
From this perspective, I work out an interpretation of Tractatus's main passages, focusing especially on Wittgenstein's theories of symbolism, of logical analysis, of generality and of mathematics.
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Sébastien Gandon. Logique et Langage. Etudes sur le premier Wittgenstein.. Vrin, pp.274, 2002. ⟨halshs-00296581⟩

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