A new approach to the core and Weber set of multichoice games

Abstract : Multichoice games have been introduced by Hsiao and Raghavan as a generalization of classical cooperative games. An important notion in cooperative game theory is the core of the game, as it contains the rational imputations for players. We propose two definitions for the core of a multichoice game, the first one is called the precore and is a direct generalization of the classical definition. We show that the precore coincides with the definition proposed by Faigle, and that the set of imputations may be unbounded, which makes its application questionable. A second definition is proposed, imposing normalization at each level, causing the core to be a convex compact set. We study its properties, introducing balancedness and marginal worth vectors, and defining the Weber set and the pre-Weber set. We show that the classical properties of inclusion of the (pre)core into the (pre)-Weber set as well as their coincidence in the convex case remain valid. A last section makes a comparison with the core defined by van den Nouweland et al.
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Michel Grabisch, Lijue Xie. A new approach to the core and Weber set of multichoice games. Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, Springer Verlag, 2007, 66 (3), pp.491-512. ⟨10.1007/s00186-007-0159-8⟩. ⟨halshs-00267933⟩

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