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Coloring and preservation state of Faunal Remains from the neanderthal levels of Kulna Cave, Czech Republic

Abstract : The preservation process of faunal remains from the Middle Paleolithic levels of Klna Cave was studied within a taphonomic and palaeodietary framework. A visual examination of bones and teeth showed that they display a wide variety of colors. Chemical analyses (C, N, Fe, Mn) and a combination of analytical techniques, such as Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry, were conducted on 13 fossil remains. The crystallinity indexes, IR-SF, XRD-CI, XRD-L200, the IR area band (Amide I), and the ESR analyses showed that the bones were not burned at a temperature higher than 200°C. This implies that the bone remains were not used as fuel by Neanderthals at Klna Cave. Coloring in these bones is largely due to the presence of Mn and Fe. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 26, 2008 - 5:45:23 PM
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Véronique Michel, Hervé Bocherens, Isabelle Théry-Parisot, Karel Valoch, Patricia Valensi. Coloring and preservation state of Faunal Remains from the neanderthal levels of Kulna Cave, Czech Republic. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, Wiley, 2006, 21, 5, pp.479-501. ⟨10.1002/gea.20116⟩. ⟨halshs-00267246⟩

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