Archéologie et paléoenvironnement sur le site du pont romain des Esclapes (Fréjus, Var)

Abstract : This article presents the palaeoenvironmental and archaeological results of the study of the Esclapes roman bridge site, located at 1,5 kilometers on the west of Fréjus (Var, France). The bridge is actually isolated in the landscape and far from all the rivers and roads of the valley. This position asked the question of landscapes evolution since the Antiquity. From this observation, the purpose was to define the palaeoenvironments during Roman times precising what was the nature of the river crossing under the bridge and what was the vegetation around the site. The palaeoenvironmental aspect of the study was based on the examination of 3 sedimentary cores, on which sedimentological, palynological, carpological and microfaunistical analysis was made. The palaeolandscapes was dated with the 14C method (5 AMS datings). The results present the environmental evolution from 4700 BP cal. to nowadays. The landscape changes from a river-mouth situation first to an open and then a closed lagoon, and finally to an alluvial plain. Roman times correspond to the transition between the open and the closed lagoon. These informations precise the knowledge of the palaeolandscapes of the Argens lower valley and allow a better comprehension of its settlement and exploitation since the Bronze Age.
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Journal articles
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00211759
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Submitted on : Monday, January 21, 2008 - 4:58:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 10, 2019 - 12:52:32 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00211759, version 1

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Cécile Allinne, Benoit Devillers, Frédérique Bertoncello, Laurent Bouby, Hélène Bruneton, et al.. Archéologie et paléoenvironnement sur le site du pont romain des Esclapes (Fréjus, Var). Archeosciences, revue d'Archéométrie, Published by G.M.P.C.A./Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2006, 30, pp.181-196. ⟨halshs-00211759⟩

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