Ingénieurs et développement au Proche-Orient: Liban, Syrie, Jordanie

Abstract : Engineers and development in the Middle East: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan
The evolution of the engineering profession in many Arab countries of the Middle East reveals the contradictions in development policies. The gap between the increasing numbers of engineers and the reality of economic needs is an effect of combined state voluntarism and popular aspirations. A comparison between the situation of engineers in Lebanon, Syria and Jordan, three countries as close in history as they are different in their present economic and political choices, gives the opportunity to lay stress on the specific role of common constraints and social mechanisms on one hand, and of state policies on the other, in recent evolutions. The low level of industrialisation explains the historical weight of the liberal professional model, but also the massive bureaucratisation in Syria and Jordan. At last, the ways of social and political mobilization of engineers reflect the particular circumstances of the constitution of their profession and its successive transformations.
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Contributor : Elisabeth Longuenesse <>
Submitted on : Sunday, December 30, 2007 - 11:46:51 PM
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Elisabeth Longuenesse. Ingénieurs et développement au Proche-Orient: Liban, Syrie, Jordanie. Sociétés contemporaines, Presses de Sciences Po, 1991, pp.9-40. ⟨10.3406/socco.1991.996 ⟩. ⟨halshs-00201501⟩



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