Etalement urbain et fragmentation. Chennai, un exemple en Inde du Sud

Abstract : Despite a slow urbanisation process, India already has an large number of towns, and even some metropolis inserted in globalisation. Using Chennai example, capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and india's fourth largest metropolis, we want to illustrate the ongoing urban dynamics.
The paper starts with a short description of administrative conditions to acquire the legal status of urbaneness. This necessary reminder helps us to identify the matter of this paper: the measurement and understanding of urban sprawl. At the same time, it allows us to show the feasibility of urban comparison inside and outside India.
After that, we move on to the history of the city of Chennai since its creation in 1639. This history is revisited from its spatial extension point of view. We underline the soft urban spread -limited by human move capacity at that time-, compared to the hard fragmentation -resulting from village's inclusion in the city while keeping their own identity.
The last part focus on 1991-2001 decades, which saw the inclusion of Chennai in globalization as well as the most important spatial change in its history. The transport revolution (especially cars) changes the speed and the frame of urban sprawl in a totally unknown way until now.
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Submitted on : Saturday, November 10, 2007 - 9:06:15 PM
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Sébastien Oliveau. Etalement urbain et fragmentation. Chennai, un exemple en Inde du Sud. Etalement urbain et ville fragmentée dans le monde, des théories aux faits, Sep 2007, Orléans, France. ⟨halshs-00186654⟩

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