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La diète parfaite d'un lettré retiré sous les Song du Sud

Abstract : Since Antiquity meat was in China both the symbol of greediness and, represented
with vegetables and fruits, a necessary part of the diet based on cereals. For those
who could afford to eat more than gruels of corse grains or light vegetable broths,
the possibility of including various meat and fish products in the ordinary fare was
also a way to express wealth and social status. The fasting of méat was ritualized
and accepted in certain circumstances, for instance, for funerals or religious
purposes. Under the Song Dynasty a kind of "fast cuisine," which nevertheless
allowed a small proportion of animal products, was systematized and proposed as a model diet for those literati who were not directly engaged in world affaire and
preferred to live retired or even secluded. The most famous recipes book for this
cuisine is the Shanjia qinggong by Lin Hong (fl. 1241-1252) which contains 104
refined recipes based essentially on "mountain products" composed mainly of wild
plants, vegetables, cereals, and less often of some venison. Thèse were to be prepared
when receiving friends. In this article the author tries to understand how this
altogether hygienic and moralistic type of cuisine imposed itself from Song Dynasty
on as the external sign of a voluntary adhésion to a virtuous, healthy, and plain life,
constrasting with the "somptuous" way of life of the ordinary literati engaged in
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Contributor : Françoise Sabban <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 17, 2007 - 4:58:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 8:55:50 AM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-00180120, version 1


Françoise Sabban. La diète parfaite d'un lettré retiré sous les Song du Sud. Études Chinoises, Association française d'études chinoises, 1997, 16 (1), pp.7-57. ⟨halshs-00180120⟩



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