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Distribution of killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) in Comoros and Southeast France.

Abstract : Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) expressed by natural killer cells are cell surface molecules able to recognize groups of HLA class I alleles. The number and distribution of KIR genes vary among individuals and populations. The aim of this study is to analyse the KIR gene content in a Comorian population in order to investigate genetic relationships with other populations and to reconstruct past migration events. The Comorian population consisted of 54 unrelated immigrants living in France and a control population consisted of 38 individuals from Southeast France. We investigated the presence or absence of 15 KIR genes, two pseudogenes expressed and non-expressed forms of KIR2DL5 and the two major subtype full-length and deleted forms of KIR2DS4. All individuals were typed positive for the framework genes, i.e. KIR2DL4, KIR3DL2 and KIR3DL3, and the two pseudogenes KIR3DP1 and KIR2DP1. The frequencies of full-length KIR2DS4 (*00101/00102/002) were lower in the French population (F = 29%) than in the Comorian population (F = 72%) (P(c) < 0.05). No significant differences were found for other KIR genes. A total of 11 genotypes were identified in the Southeast French population and 22 genotypes in the Comorian population. The most common genotype (2DL1, 2DL3, 2DL4, 3DL1, 3DL2, 3DL3 and 2DS4) accounted for 41% in the Comorian population and 34% in the Southeast French population. Principal component analysis using KIR gene data from 20 populations was performed to determine genetic differences and relations between populations. The Comorian population exhibited closest kinship with Africans and Asians. As KIR gene content is heterogeneous among ethnic groups, it can probably be used to assess the genetic relationships among populations from different geographic areas.
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Contributor : Gisèle Geoffroy <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 17, 2007 - 10:25:37 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 11:48:30 AM

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C. Frassati, M Touinssi, C. Picard, M Segura, V. Galicher, et al.. Distribution of killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) in Comoros and Southeast France.. Tissue Antigens, Wiley, 2006, 67 (5), pp.356-67. ⟨10.1111/j.1399-0039.2006.00592.x⟩. ⟨halshs-00172423⟩



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