Price functionals with bid–ask spreads: an axiomatic approach

Abstract : In Jouini and Kallal [Jouini, E., Kallal, H., 1995. Martinagles and arbitrage in securities markets with transaction costs. Journal of Economic Theory 66 (1) 178-197], the authors characterized the absence of arbitrage opportunities for contingent claims with cash delivery in the presence of bid–ask spreads. Other authors obtained similar results for amore general definition of the contingent claims but assuming some specific price processes and transaction costs rather than bid–ask spreads
in general (see for instance, Cvitanic and Karatzas [Cvitanic, J., Karatzas, I., 1996. Hedging and
portfolio optimization under transaction costs: a martinangle approach. Mathematical Finance 6,
133-166]). The main difference consists of the fact that the bid–ask ratio is constant in this last
reference. This assumption does not permit to encompass situations where the prices are determined
by the buying and selling limit orders or by a (resp. competitive) specialist (resp. market-makers).We
derive in this paper some implications from the no-arbitrage assumption on the price functionals
that generalizes all the previous results in a very general setting. Indeed, under some minimal
assumptions on the price functional, we prove that the prices of the contingent claims are necessarily
in some minimal interval. This result opens the way to many empirical analyses
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 16, 2007 - 1:29:17 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:12:20 AM

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Elyès Jouini. Price functionals with bid–ask spreads: an axiomatic approach. Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, 2000, 34, pp.547-558. ⟨halshs-00167144⟩

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