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Les ressources du département et du canton dans la « petite fabrique des territoires »

Abstract : In France, the legitimacy of the « department » and the « canton » is questioned since the day of their creation. They are identified like territories imposed by the center. They represent the centralized State and the Jacobinism.. Moreover, they are in competition with the territories (intercommunalities (EPCI) and « country ») created and reinforced by the laws promulgated since 1995. However they are recognized by the population. They also represent the territorial model which marks the comportement with space of the « local councillor ». This article shows how the « councillor of department » build these territories. Speeches of councillors, analyzed like self-fullfiling prophecies, give to the « canton » and the « department » an image of immutable territories. We analyze several indicators which show the effectiveness of the work of the « councillor of department » in the construction of these territories. Initially we show the importance of the cantonal model in the delimitation of the « EPCI ». Then, we consider the respect of the departmental and regional limits in the construction of the « EPCI » and the « countries ». To finish, we analyzed the plurality of function, when the « department councillor » is also the « president of EPCI ». This function plurality authorizes the transformation of the territory of election (the « canton ») into territory of action (the « EPCI »). Thus, the « department councillor » has the total control of the process of territorial construction and holds the legitimacy which guarantees the performativity of its speech.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00145898
Contributor : Frédéric Tesson Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, May 12, 2007 - 12:07:57 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 22, 2021 - 3:40:21 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2010 - 12:52:21 AM

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Frédéric Tesson. Les ressources du département et du canton dans la « petite fabrique des territoires ». Annales de géographie, Armand Colin, 2006, pp.197-216. ⟨halshs-00145898⟩

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