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Sur les fausses prépositions : ‘sauf' et ‘excepté'.

Abstract : Contrary to a nearly unanimous agreement among contemporary researchers, it is argued that French sauf & excepte 'except', when used before noun phrases or infinitival clauses, are not prepositions but members of a distinct class of subordinating conjunctions termed additive exceptives. This class most closely resembles that of comparative conjunctions, with which it shares analogous constraints on parallelism & reduction under contrast; additive exceptives differ from comparative conjunctions, however, in (1) permitting ellipsis of the complementizer que, (2) disallowing verb gapping, & (3) incorporating polarity reversal into the ellipsis. This analysis is supported by comparative data from Spanish, Italian, & Old Provencal/Occitan demonstrating analogies of nominative case usage & complementizer retention between additive exceptives & comparative conjunctions. 26 References. Adapted from the source document
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Mireille Piot. Sur les fausses prépositions : ‘sauf' et ‘excepté'.. Journal of French Language Studies, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2005, 15.3 (15.3), pp. 297-314. ⟨halshs-00140646⟩

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