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Une séquence du paléolithique inférieur au paléolithique récent dans les Balkans : la grotte Kozarnika à Orechets (Nord-Ouest de la Bulgarie)

Abstract : The Kozarnika cave located in the North-West of Bulgaria contains 21 geological layers which contain upwards archaeological complexes of Lower Palaeolithic (layers 13 - 11a), Middle Palaeolithic (layers 10b - 9a), Early Upper Palaeolithic (layer 6/7), a sequence of an original bladelets industry with backed pieces which we called Kozarnikian (layers 5c - 3a) and finally Lower Neolithic, Late Eneolithic, Late Bronze Age, Middle Age and Ottoman period. The base of the Lower Palaeolithic sequence is dated by the microfauna and the macrofauna between 0.8 and 1.4 My (layers 13 - 11c) and its top between 0.4 and 0.6 My (layer 11a). The preliminary study of the paleomagnetism shows the existence of an instability of the magnetic vector in the layer 11c what could translate the starter of polarity change (towards 0.78 My?). The lower palaeolithic assemblages belong to a core-and-flake non-Acheulian industry. Noteworthy is the presence of a human right DI1/ in layer 13 and, in layer 12, of the oldest testimony of a "symbolic activity" never discovered.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00136044
Contributor : Jean-Luc Guadelli <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 12, 2007 - 5:05:26 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 4, 2020 - 11:58:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00136044, version 1

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Jean-Luc Guadelli, Nikolay Sirakov, Stefanka Ivanova, Svoboda Sirakova, Elka Anastassova, et al.. Une séquence du paléolithique inférieur au paléolithique récent dans les Balkans : la grotte Kozarnika à Orechets (Nord-Ouest de la Bulgarie). -, 2005, -, France. pp.87-103. ⟨halshs-00136044⟩

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