Nord et Sud en France dans les "Géographies Universelles" (1829-1990) : une différenciation à l'épreuve des mutations de la géographie

Abstract : North and South in France in the "Géographies Universelles" (1829-1990) : How this Differenciation Fared Through the Mutations of Geography. The scientific foundations of the North-South differenciation of the French territory are being examined through the four "Géographies Universelles". Whereas K. Malte-Brun carries out the synthesis of the works of the social statisticians who, after the French Revolution, invent the socio-economic opposition between two Frances, E. Reclus interprets this same opposition as the expression of two geohistorical fields which shape the European continent. If the organization chosen by E. De Martonne and A. Demangeon contributes to reducing this opposition almost nearly to the biogeographical field, D. Pumain and Th. Saint-Julien question anew this opposition with the help of the concepts and tools developped by a geographical science now, at the end of the XXth century, totally open to social sciences. The variations in the nature, the status and the modality of the North-South difference thus echo the evolutions and the revolutions in the scientific paradigm, as well as those of the ideological positions of the French geographers with regard to the national territory.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Monday, December 4, 2006 - 9:36:58 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 5:32:54 PM

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Florence Deprest. Nord et Sud en France dans les "Géographies Universelles" (1829-1990) : une différenciation à l'épreuve des mutations de la géographie. Revue du Nord, Association Revue du Nord, 2005, 87 (360-361), p. 423-440. ⟨halshs-00118327⟩

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