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Les normes fondamentales du travail contribuent-elles à réduire les inégalités ?

Abstract : This article proposes an empirical investigation concerning the links between labour standards and income inequalities. In a first time, we build an index of core labour standards (child labour, forced labour,
discrimination, freedom of association and ILO conventions). No links is found a priori with inequalities. This can be explained by the difference between ILO ratifications and effective enforcement of these standards. That is why, in a second time, we take into consideration the endogeneity of these norms thanks to instrumental variables. A new index of effective labour standards is obtained as an output of the political and juridical system. There is a high probability that countries with better institutions are more able to effectively put in place labour standards. We then find a Kuznet curb between standards and income inequalities for 90 countries between 1990 and 2001. Labour standards can be seem as an intermediate explicative factor to explain Kuznet curb.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00112316
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 8, 2006 - 12:08:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 5:00:16 PM
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Rémi Bazillier, Nicolas Sirven. Les normes fondamentales du travail contribuent-elles à réduire les inégalités ?. 2006. ⟨halshs-00112316⟩

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