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Un document mongol sur l'intronisation du IXe Dalai lama

Abstract : A curious Mongolian scroll is to be found in the library of the Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises in Paris. It is a handwritten text dated 1809 plus twelve illustrations, which reports the mission to Lhasa in 1808 of a Prince of the Qaracin Right banner of Inner Mongolia sent by the Manchu Emperor to supervise the enthronement of the Ninth Dalai lama. The scroll, probably intended for the personal records of the Mongolian Prince, gives an account of the events in a manner conforming to the imperial view. Relying on comparisons with other sources, this article provides an analysis of the text, an identification of the characters, a reconstitution of the emissary¹s journey and of the enthronement process, and finally a translation and a transliteration of the text. A commentary of the illustrations will be published separately in Arts Asiatiques (n° 59, 2004). 關於第九世達賴喇嘛的坐床大典的一卷蒙文字畫記錄文件 一卷罕見的蒙文字畫保存在巴黎的高等漢學院圖書館。這份文件包含了 1809年手稿的蒙文及12張畫。 這份文件講述了嘉慶皇帝派遣內蒙古喀喇沁右翼旗王子,其在1808年被嘉慶皇帝任命為監督第九世達賴喇嘛(1806-1815)的坐床大典的遣藏使到拉薩的派遣過程。與其歷史事件相關的蒙文文字敘述及圖像少之又少。此外,蒙古人很少使用中式的橫軸。盡管當初做此橫軸很可能是為了內蒙古喀喇沁右翼旗王子本身的收藏,其描述過程符合了當朝正式的文件。手稿與當代漢文與藏文的歷史文件紀錄 ─ 包含派遣詔文,還有文碑文、實錄、達賴喇嘛傳記─ 讓我得以重建其派遣日誌及確認使團與參與坐床儀式等的人物,以及有關達賴喇嘛不同時期生活的十二張圖像及內蒙喀喇沁右翼旗王子出使的文字記錄。這篇文章也提供了坐床大典蒙文的剖析,派遣使的出使及坐床大典儀式的重建、法文的翻譯及蒙文音譯文。 第二部分介紹了畫卷上的材料,此圖像呈獻了九世達賴喇嘛的出生、認定、受戒及坐床大典等等事蹟與圖像上不同元素的風格。這篇文章也假設了坐床大典撰寫年代、作者、出處、原由以及圖像風格。
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 27, 2008 - 6:07:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 2:34:20 PM
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Isabelle Charleux, Marie-Dominique Even, Gaëlle Lacaze. Un document mongol sur l'intronisation du IXe Dalai lama. Journal Asiatique, Leuven : Peeters Publishers, 2004, 292 (1-2), pp.151-222. ⟨halshs-00006187⟩

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